What is Basin? What are the Types of Basins?


What is Basin? What are the Types of Basins? The questions are the subject of research by those who want to have knowledge on geographical issues and increase their general cultural knowledge.

What is Basin? What are the Types of Basins? His questions have become a matter of curiosity for many people, especially as a result of the recent news about the basin. The Basin, which we need to acquire among the general cultural knowledge, is also being researched by those who want to increase their geographical knowledge with its types and definition. In this article, we will try to convey all the information you need to know about the basin in general. Well, What is a basin? What are the Types? Let's take a look together.

What is Basin?

What is Basin? To make a short definition; The regions surrounded by mountains or hills, which provide the transmission of the water accumulated in its source and habitat as a result of rainfall to lakes or sea as a result of veins, are called basins. In our article, we will share the information we have gathered from the sources we have acquired and researched about the basin.

What is Basin Definition?

Basin definition; The regions where the waters come together as a result of rain or other types of rainfall, surrounded by mountains or hills, whose waters flow together in the same place and contain their own habitat and natural resource are called basins. The most prominent feature of the basins is that they are surrounded by mountains or hills. This causes some basins to stay high and some basins to remain in a pit, thus allowing precipitation to collect within themselves. These waters, which are collected as a result of rainfall, flow into the sea or lakes, shaped like a river, so to speak, together with the formations called water veins.

What is a River Basin?

River basinThe area where the water accumulates thanks to the transmission of water vessels together with the branches of any stream is called the basin of that stream. The size of the basin area varies depending on the landforms or the length of the river. Basins that allow water to reach the sea are called open basins, while basins that do not reach the sea or are connected to lakes are called closed basins. We will give you detailed information about these basins in our article.

What are the General Features of the Basin?

General characteristics of the basin It has the characteristics of both the formation it has shown and similar formations. In fact, we have included some of these features in the definition. In addition, we have listed the general features of the basin for you, thinking that the materialization of these features would be more catchy;

  • It Has Its Own Habitat.
  • Has Natural Resources.
  • It is Surrounded by Mountains or Hills.
  • Waters Flow To The Sea In Open Basins.
  • In Closed Basins Waters Flow To The Lake.
  • If There Is No Sea And Lake, The Current Dries Up.
  • Similar Formation to Capillaries is Possible.
  • It is divided into types according to its formation and structure.
What is Basin? What are the Types of Basins?
What is Basin? What are the Types of Basins?

What are the Types of Basins?

Basin Types It is possible to examine the subject in many areas. Basins differ and are divided into types according to the region, natural resources and structure. We will list the names of these basin types that we will examine and share their descriptions in titles.

  • Geomorphological Basin
  • Geological Basin
  • Hydrographic Basin
  • Lower Basin
  • Upper Basin
  • Open Basin
  • Closed Basin
  • Micro Basin

What are the Types of Basins?

Basin types it changes according to its structure. Let's move from the most general to the deepest. When we look at the types of basins in the world, it is possible to examine them as Geomorphological Basin, Geological Basin and Hydrographic Basin. Well, let's briefly explain these types to you.

1. Geomorphological Basin

Geomorphological basincan be said as the alluvial plain accumulation area. The geomorphological basin is located in regions formed by high areas such as mountains, hills and plateaus surrounding it. It can also be called the landform that has a base and around which there are elevations. To give an example of this basin type in our country; Basins such as Kelkit, Ergene, Iğdır, Konya and Ulaş can be cited as examples. 

2. Geological Basin

Geological basinIt is formed by the layers deposited on the old pits, extending towards a wide area to create a depression. The main geological basin is the high mountains and hills surrounding the basin. To give an example from our country; Ergene Basin, Iğdır Basin, Gediz Basin, Büyük and Küçük Menderes Basins and Uzunyayla is a geological basin.

3. Hydrographic Basin

Hydrographic basinmeans the place where all the branches formed on a stream are spread out, or in other words, the area where the waters of the stream are discharged. These basins usually cover the area where the water of any stream is drained. The hydrographic basin can form a stream, as well as a lake or sea. Sakarya River basin, Mediterranean Basin and Tuz Gölü basin are examples of this in our country.

4. Lower Basin

Downstream It consists of many parts. It is said that the precipitation that accumulates in high areas flows downward with a river-like water vein or channel. In short, the regions where the water accumulated in high areas continues to flow downward is called downstream basin.

5. Upper Basin

Upper basin It is possible to define it as the opposite of the downstream basin. The upper basin collects rainfall better because it is located higher than the lower basin. This is why the upper basin is also called the catchment zone.

6. Open Basin

Open basinis one of the basin types that flow into the ocean or the sea at the end point of the lower basin. The waters flowing from the upper catchment area, from the upper basin to the lower basin and from the downstream basin to the ocean or sea are called open basins.

7. Closed Basin

Closed basin its definition is the opposite of the open basin. If the water accumulated in the basins flows into dry areas or lakes instead of pouring into the ocean or the sea, this is called a closed basin. These basin types are generally seen in the Central Anatolia Region in our country.

8.Micro Basin

Microcatchment is defined as the puddles that are not on the surface but gather near the surface or under the surface. These accumulated waters generally support and feed water formations such as rivers, rivers or lakes.

What is Watershed Management?

Basin managementusually includes government policies. The state carries out studies for more efficient use of basins, protection of natural resources, ecosystem, biological vitality and many other phenomena. In these studies carried out as watershed management, the aim is to protect it naturally in the ecosystem.

Found in Turkey and known Basin

Located basins and known in Turkey it actually contains the basins around which most of us live. As we have stated in the definition and variety, it has enabled the establishment of many settlements around these basins that transmit water, which is among the basic needs of human beings. To list these basins together with their types;

Open Basins;

  • Coruh
  • Dogankent,
  • Green River,
  • Kızılırmak,
  • Newish,
  • Litter,
  • Sakarya River

Closed Basins;

  • Konya Closed Basin
  • Afyon-Akarçay Closed Basin
  • Burdur
  • Acıgöl
  • Salda
  • Racing
  • Bucak
  • Kestel
  • Muradiye
  • Draw
  • Aras
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