What is a Microscope?


What is a Microscope? What are the Types? His questions have become a very curious subject with the understanding of the contribution of the microscope to science.

What is a Microscope? What are the Types? We haven't come across his questions quite often lately. The answers to these questions are investigated by some as a topic of homework, and by others as a subject of curiosity. With the invention of the microscope, we know how much the developments on cells have benefited humanity. In addition, the microscope has a direct effect on the development of many branches of science. We think that all of us should know about such an important tool. To you What is a Microscope? What are the prices and types? We will give detailed information about its subject.


Microscopehas managed to become the most popular and favorite tool of recent times. We will share with you detailed information about the Microscope, which many people want to acquire and examine many objects with the decrease in prices. In addition, if there is an issue that you want to add or want us to add, you can tell us about it in the comment section. Now let's give you all the information you need to get about Microscope.

What is a Microscope?

Microscope brieflyIt is a device that allows people to see and examine objects that are too small to be seen with the naked eye, with the help of more than one lens inside. As it is known, small creatures and objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye began to be seen with the invention of the microscope and many innovations were discovered by using this tool, especially in the field of microbiology. In addition, it has succeeded in shedding light on many branches of science, especially in the field of medicine. Among the main usage areas of the microscope; discovery of new cells, acceleration of technological development and mineral preparation processes are on the way.

Microscope Sections and Structure

Parts and structure of the microscopeIt is divided into two as Mechanical and Optical parts. In the mechanical part, there are microscope foot, microscope body, microscope table and microscope tube. In the optical part; Ocular and objective are included. In addition, there are Iris Diaphragm and Illumination and Coarse and Fine adjustment buttons. Let us explain these sections from the mechanical part to the optical part in a short and concise manner in 8 items.

Microscope Base

Microscope foot, In short, it is the part that keeps the microscope alive. This part, also called the lower base, is at a level that ensures the balance of the microscope and is in the shape of a horseshoe. In addition, the microscope foot is the part that carries all the weight of the microscope.

Microscope Body

Microscope bodyIn short, it has served as the piece holding the eyepieces and lenses. In addition, other parts of the microscope are mounted on the body part. The microscope body, which has a metallic structure, is very important as it is the area where the parts meet.

Microscope Table

Microscope table, briefly, it is the section where the object or matter to be examined is placed. This part, also called the object tray, has a circular or square shape. This part has been developed to act at the same time as it is fixed. There is a hole in the middle that allows the reflected light to pass through.

Microscope Tube

Microscope tube, In short, it is the part that undertakes the clear view of the object. The microscope tube, which consists of two intertwined tubes, has the ability to move up and down with large and small adjustment knobs. This helps the object or matter to be seen more clearly.


Ocular, In short, it is the part you look at by bringing your eye closer to the microscope. This part, which has different magnification options, enables us to see more comfortably by enlarging the image created by the lens with the help of the lens.


Lens, In short, it is the part where the lens is located, such as the ocular section. The magnification process is done through the lens. It is possible to see the magnified inverted image of the object in the Lens section where there are various magnification degrees.

Iris Diaphragm and Illumination

Iris Diaphragm and Illumination Although there are two separate sections, we think it would be more appropriate for us to examine them under one heading. While the iris diaphragm is defined as the part where the illumination passes, illumination is called the source that provides the necessary light.

Coarse and Fine Tuning Button

Coarse and Fine Tuning Button, It is one of the most important parts of the microscope. The coarse adjustment knob (macro screw) is used to adjust the image, and the fine adjustment knob (micro screw) is used for more precise image adjustments.

What are Microscope Prices?

Microscope pricesis cheaper today compared to previous years. It is possible to obtain microscopes offered at various prices in terms of both usage and features from various shopping sites. When we look at the price range, we can see that it has prices starting from 100 TL up to +20.000 TL.

Microscope Parts and Types
Microscope Parts and Types

What Are The Types Of Microscopes?

Types of microscopesare separated according to their usage areas and properties. Microscopes used in many branches of science are divided into types according to their usage areas and the features they provide. Although we cannot give you information about all of them, we will try to give as much detailed information as we can about the first microscope, digital microscope and microscope from past to present.

The First Microscope

The First MicroscopeIt was discovered in 1590 by the Dutch scientist Zacharias Janssen, inspired by the telescope. As is known, large lenses are also used in the use of telescopes. With the lens system developed by Zacharias Janssen, the basic steps of the first microscope were taken, developed until today, and the microscope has successfully written its name in golden letters.

What is a Digital Microscope?

Digital Microscope is one of the types of optical microscope. The feature that highlights the digital microscope is a type of microscope that uses a digital camera to provide images to the monitor through various software. Today, it is highly preferred. Although it has a confusing definition, it is used in many areas such as industrial control, repair of computer parts, scientific examination, medical analysis, school laboratories, dissection of living organisms, skin examination, textile, jewelery and print control.

Microscope from Past to Present

Microscope from past to present has managed to show a great change. In the field of science, it has provided many benefits that are beneficial to humanity. The Microscope adventure, which started with the Dutch Zacharias Janssen in 1590, later traveled in time with the observation of the cell by Anton Van Leeuwenhoek, the discovery of the Golgi body by Comillo Golgi and the discovery of the electron microscope by Siemens in 1939. Although we cannot explain the details to you microscope Let's list the prominent ones of the varieties.

  • Stereoscopic Microscopes
  • Polarization Microscope
  • Phase Contrast Microscope
  • Electron Microscope
  • Fluorescens Microscope
  • X-Ray Microscope
  • Atomic Force Microscope
  • Ore Microscope
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